Product Basket - Spices
    •   From the Beginning, Rajasthan has offered an excellent advantage in terms of building this portfolio. This semi arid region has been traditionally known for seed spices. Initial success and subsequent support from the Government has enabled Morarka Organic to create a large production base for many seed spices. These spices have also traditionally enjoyed patronage both in domestic as well as international markets. Conversion to organic has added a new dimension to this competitiveness. With increasing demands for more quantities and varieties, Morarka Organic has now been expanding the production base to many other parts of India.
      This is a cash crop for the farmers. Specific spices are known to be cultivated in different areas. For some a particular spice is just one additional crop that fits in to organic crop rotation, while for some a sizable area is dedicated to the cultivation of spice crops. In the first case the conversion has been simple, but in the second case, the conversion to organic required many years of R&D work to develop the appropriate package of practices. In addition extra ordinary efforts have also been made to get the very best quality of each spice to be brought under organic. Since Morarka has been exporting these spices to many international markets, it is also certified for Bio Suisse and JAS, in addition to USDA- NOP, EU, & India NPOP.
        Ajwain (Aniseed)  
        This is a very minor spice in terms of volume of production as well as in terms of its usage, both in India as well as in International markets. At Morarka some farmers in South Rajasthan project areas and some in Maharashtra project areas are cultivating this spice in reasonable quantities. The traditional varieties have very fine grain and most of the consumption is also in whole grain form. In recent years some hybrid varieties having very bold grains are also cultivated due to its good appearance, but when used in whole form it gives bitter taste in the mouth, and thus is not very popular.  
        This is a major spice, both produced and consumed in very large quantities. In Rajasthan, south east districts are traditionally known for this spice and are harvested in March- April. Coriander quality is evaluated for its color, size, aroma, number of broken seeds, and after taste. Mostly it is yellow green in color but in some regions brown coriander is also cultivated. With the support from Government, Morarka has now been able to create a very large base for organic production of this spice, with the result it is already recognized as the single largest producer of this spice in India. This spice is harvested in March-April, and is sold as whole, split and powder.  
        A very important spice, both nationally as well as for Morarka Organic. It has been very difficult to convert the cultivation of this spice to organic. In Rajasthan, south-west districts are known for good quality cumin which is generally harvested in April -May. Morarka Organic has also been supported by many government programs to become the single largest producer of organic cumin in the country. Cumin quality in the trade circle is evaluated on the basis of uniformly bold size of the grain, color, aroma & taste.  
        This is mostly cultivated in the south-east districts of Rajasthan along with other winter crops and is harvested in March - April. Since the demand for this spice is steadily going up, Morarka Organic has now also tied up with farmer groups in Madhya Pradesh for sourcing additional quantities. Mostly greenish yellow fennel is preferred.  
        With the increasing popularity of Indian Curry, this spice is in demand everywhere. In almost all the project areas of Morarka in Rajasthan, this is cultivated, as per crop rotation, though in very small quantities. Being the single largest producer of Fenugreek, it has been an important product in the core portfolio at Morarka. It has yellow green color, also in terms of size, the small compact yellow grain is preferred over bold yellow green gains.  
        It is an onion seed and is a very minor spice mostly consumed for creating a typical pickle taste in foods. At Morarka Organic some farmers in the south Rajasthan project areas and some in the Maharashtra project areas are cultivating this spice in reasonable quantities. The uniform black color and bold seeds are preferred by the consumers.  
        It is a very popular oil seed crop in India. As a spice both black as well as yellow mustard is consumed. The black mustard in some areas is cultivated as a winter crop through conserved residual moisture. In some parts it is also cultivated under irrigated agriculture. A large majority of farmers in the Morarka Organic project areas cultivate black mustard in their crop rotation. Yellow mustard has been promoted only in some areas. Originally small black brown grains were preferred, but now with the introduction of hybrid varieties the bold brown gains are only available, which also have high oil content.  
        This is a very minor spice consumed in very specific food preparations. At Morarka Organic some select farmers in the western Rajasthan project areas are cultivating this crop.  
        Red Chilly  
        A very important spice crop demanded as whole, flakes and powder, and is regularly consumed in very large quantities. Many variations depending on heat value (pungency) of chilly are cultivated in the Maharashtra project areas of Morarka Organic. Generally three levels of heat value, i.e., about 15,000-20,000, 25,000-30,000 and 40,000 are offered by Morarka Organic. In addition Morarka Organic also has some very high pungency Red Chilies from the Northeast region of India, popularly known as Bird's Eye or Naga Chilly. Recently Morarka Organic has also developed a drying process for green chilly and its powder form is now becoming very popular as a table spice. In addition to heat value, consumers also have a preference for the chilly that imparts more red shade to the food.  
        It imparts yellow color to Indian curries and is an important ingredient both for its color as well as for its medicinal properties. Morarka Organic has originally developed organic turmeric cultivation in the Maharashtra project areas, and has now expanded it to Northeast region as well. Mostly turmeric is sold as powder, and very small quantities are also sold as whole in international markets. Institutional clients prefer turmeric with high curcumine content, i.e., above 3 percent responsible for imparting yellow color, while for domestic consumption turmeric with the value of 2-3 is preferred.  
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